ALL ABOUT YOGA FROM 'P'

Paada (पाद) - a quarter / a part / a chapter

Padma (पद्म) - lotus

Padmaasana (पद्मासन ) - the lotus pose

Paksha (पक्ष) - to side with / to espouse a side / to go with the current

Panchamahaabhutam (पंचमहाभूतं) - five great elements (air, water, fire, earth and ether), also known as pancha tattva

Panchamakaara (पंचमकार) - the five practices of kaulachara tantra - mamsa (meat), madhya (wine), matsya (fish), mudra (grain), maithuna (sexual intercourse)

Panchatayyah (पञ्चतय्यः) - fivefold

Panka (पंक) - mud / mire

Panthah (पन्थः) - path / way of being

Para (पर) - of others / another’s

Parabindu (परबिन्दु) - cosmic causal body / ishvar tattva

Paralingam (परलिंगम) - symbol of the self within sahasrara chakra, represents cosmic awareness

Para naada (पर नाद) - most subtle causal sound vibration, ishvar tattva

Parakaaya pravesha (परकाय प्रवेश) - entering the body of another

Parama (परम) - highest / most excellent / best

Paramamahatva (परममहत्त्व) - infinitely great / most distant

Paramaanu (परमाणु) - an infinitesimal particle

Paramaatmaa (परमात्मा) - God / Supreme soul

Paramaatman (परमात्मन) - supreme soul / universal self

Paramparaa (परम्परा) - bound by tradition / lineage / proceeding from one to another

Paraarthabhaavanaa (परार्थभावना) - re-absorption of phenomenal creation / non perception of objects

Paraartham (परार्थं) - for the sake of another

Paraarthatvaat (परार्थत्वात) - apart from another

Paravairaagya (परवैराग्य) - highest and purest form of renunciation

Parichaya (परिचय) - acquaintance / intimacy / introduction

Parichayaavasthaa (परिचयावस्था) - state of acquisition

Paridrishtaah (परिदृष्टाः) -  regulated / measured

Parijnaataa (परिज्ञाता) - known

Parinaama (परिणाम) - change / alteration / transformation / result

Parinaama nitya (परिणाम नित्य) - termination of mutation or transformation

Paripakva (परिपक्व) - highly cultivated / quite ripe

Paripakva chitta (परिपक्वचित्त) - matured consciousness

Paripurna (परिपूर्ण) - completely filled / full / perfect

Parishuddhi (परिशुद्धि) - complete purification / purity

Paritaapa (परिताप) - pain / anguish / affliction / grief

Paryaavasaanam (पर्यावसानं) - end / termination / conclusion

Paschim (पश्चिम) - west / back of the body

Paschimottanasana (पश्चिमोत्तानासन) - back stretching pose

Paashinee mudra (पाशिनी मुद्रा) - folded gesture

Pashyanti naada (पश्यन्ति नाद) - sound vibration in the cosmic subtle body

Pawan (पवन) - wind / praana vaayu

Pawan tattva (पवन तत्त्व) - air element

Payaswini naadi (पयस्विनी नाड़ी) - naadi terminating at the right big toe, between poosha and pingalaa

Paataala (पाताल) - one of the seven lokas under the earth

Patanjali (पतंजलि) - incarnation of aadishesha and author of Yoga Sutras

Phala (फल) - fruit / result

Pind (पिंड) - cage / physical body

Pingalaa (पिंगला) - surya naadi, one of the three major psychic channels, which runs on the right side of the spine, controls the sympathetic nervous system

Pipaas (पिपास) - thirst

Pitta (पित्त) - one of the three doshas or humour / bile

Plaavini praanaayaama (प्लाविनी प्राणायाम) - gulping breath in which air is swallowed in the stomach and retained

Pooja (पूजा) - worship

Pooraka (पूरक) - inhalation

Poornimaa (पूर्णिमा) - full moon day or night

Poosha naadi (पूष नाड़ी) - one of the ten major naadis / runs from the right ear to the abdomen

Prachaara (प्रचार) - coming forth / being used or applied

Pracchhardana (प्रच्छर्दन) - expelling

Pradhaana (प्रधान) - primary matter / first cause

Praadurbhaava (प्रादुर्भाव) - coming into existence / manifestation

Praag (प्राग) - towards

Praagbhaaram (प्रागभारं) - gravitational pull

Prahlaad (प्रह्लाद) - son of demon Hiranyakashipu / great devotee of Lord Vishnu

Prajnaa (प्रज्ञा) - awareness

Prajnaa jyoti (प्रज्ञा ज्योति) - light of wisdom

Prajnaatan (प्रज्नातं) - wise or learned person

Praakaamya (प्राकाम्य) - attainment of every wish,  one of the ashta siddhis

Prakaasha (प्रकाश) - evident / luminosity / brilliance / splendour

Prakriti (प्रकृति) - nature

Prakritijaya (प्रकृतिजय) - conquest of nature

Prakritijnaana (प्रकृतिज्ञान) - knowledge of nature

Prakriti laya (प्रकृति लय) - merging in prakriti 

Prakritinaam (प्रकृतिनाम) - potentials of nature

Pramaada (प्रमाद) - carelessness

Pramaana (प्रमाण) - proof / correct notion / right conception

Praana (प्राण) - life force / vital energy

Praana jnaana (प्राण ज्ञान) - knowledge of the vital force

Praanamaya Kosha (प्राणमय कोष) - the vital sheath

Praana prajna (प्राण प्रज्ञा) - awareness of the vital forces

Pranava (प्रणव) - the sacred syllable om(aum)

Praanavaayu (प्राणवायु) - vital energy that governs the thoracic region

Praana vritti (प्राण वृत्ति) - regulation of breath or energy

Pranayama (प्राणायाम) - expansion of the vital energy through restraint of the breath, fourth limb of

patanjali’s ashtaanga yoga

Pranidhaana (प्रणिधान) - surrender / laying off / profound religious meditation

Praanta bhumi (प्रांत भूमि) - stages of growth in the field of yoga

Praapti (प्राप्ति) - the power of obtaining everything, one of the ashta siddhis

Praapya (प्राप्य) - to attain

Praarabdha karma (प्रारब्ध कर्म) - merit or demerits of previous life to be experienced in the present life

Prasaadah (प्रसादः) - settling down / becoming clear / purity / serenity of disposition

Prasanga (प्रसंग) - event / connection

Prasankhyana (प्रसंख्येन) - highest form of intelligence

Prashaanta (प्रशांत) - tranquility

Prashaanta chitta (प्रशांत चित्त) - tranquil consciousness

Prashaanta vaahini (प्रशांत वाहिनी) - flow of tranquility

Prashaanta vritti (प्रशांत वृत्ति) - movement of tranquility

Prasava (प्रसव) - procreation / evolution / bringing forth

Prasupta (प्रसुप्त) - dormant / sleep

Prashvaasa (प्रश्वास) - outbreath / exhalation

Prathamaa (प्रथमा) - first / foremost

Prathamaa kalpita (प्रथमा कल्पित) - just begun / first progress

Prati (प्रति) - against / opposite to

Pratibandhi (प्रतिबन्धी) - contradicting / objecting

Pratibhaa (प्रतिभा) - light / brilliant / genius

Pratibhaat (प्रतिभात) - the effulgent light of wisdom

Pratipaksha (प्रतिपक्ष) - the opposite / contrary

Pratipattih (प्रतिपत्तिः) - understanding / knowledge

Pratiprasavah (प्रतिप्रसवः) - involution / going back to the original state

Pratishedha (प्रतिषेध) - keeping or warding off

Pratishthaa (प्रतिष्ठा) - establishment / consecration

Pratishtham (प्रतिष्ठं) - occupying / seeing

Pratishthaayaam (प्रतिष्ठायां) - to stand firmly

Pratiyogi (प्रतियोगी) - equally matched / uninterrupted sequence

Pratyaahaara (प्रत्याहार) - withdrawal of senses, fifth of the eight limbs of Patanjali’s ashtanga yoga

Pratyakchetana (प्रत्यक्चेतन) - the seer

Pratyaksha (प्रत्यक्ष) - real / self-evident

Pratyaya (प्रत्यय) - means / device / firm conviction / faith

Pravibhaaga (प्रविभाग) - distinction / differentiation

Pravritti (प्रवृत्ति) - evolution / going forward

Pravritti maarga (प्रवृत्ति मार्ग) - path of evolution

Prayatna (प्रयत्न) - preserving effort / great exertion

Prayojakam (प्रयोजकं) - usefulness / effect

Prithvi (पृथ्वी) - the earth / one of the panch mahaabhuta

Punah (पुनः) - again

Punya (पुण्य) - virtue

Punyaapunya (पुण्यापुण्य) - virtues and vices

Puraana (पुराण) - legend /  belonging to ancient times

Puru (पुरु) - son of king Yayaati

Purusha (पुरुष) - the seer / soul

Purusha jnaana (पुरुष ज्ञान) - knowledge of  the soul

Purusha khyaati (पुरुष ख्याति) - perception of the seer

Purushaarta (पुरुषार्थ) - four objects or aims of life - Dharma / Artha / Kaama / Moksha

Purushaartha shunya (पुरुषार्थ शून्य) -  devoid of four aims of life

Purusha visheshah (पुरुष विशेषः) - distinct purusha / special entity / God

Purushayoh (पुरुषयोः) - of the soul

Purva (पूर्व) - earlier than / former / prior

Purva mimaamsaa (पूर्व मीमांसा) - a systematic enquiry of the ritual portion of the vedas founded by jaimini 

Purvebhah (पूर्वेभ्यः) - in relation with the preceding ones

Purvesham (पूर्वेशां) - first / foremost