ALL ABOUT YOGA FROM 'V'

Vaa (वा) - or / an option / alternatively

Vaachaa (वाचा) - speech

Vaachakah (वाचकः) - connoting / denoting / sign / signifying

Vaachaspati mishra (वाचस्पति मिश्र) - a great scholar of 6th century who wrote a glossary on Vyasa’s commentary of Yoga Sutras

Vaahi (वाही) - current

Vaahini / vaahita (वाहिनी / वाहित) - flow

Vahnisaar dhauti (वह्निसार धौति) - shatkarma in which the abdomen is drawn in and out rapidly

Vaikhari naada (वैखरी नाद) - gross sound and letters

Vaira (वैर) - hostility

Vairaagya (वैराग्य) - renunciation / detachment / dispassion

Vairaagi (वैरागी) - a renunciate

Vairaagya maarga (वैराग्य मार्ग) - path of renunciation or detachment

Vaishaaradye (वैशारद्ये) - skillfulness / profound knowledge / undisturbed pure flow

Vaishya (वैश्य) - merchant class / one of the four varnas or class of Hinduism

Vajra (वज्र) - diamond / hard

Vajraasana (वज्रासन) - thunderbolt or kneeling pose

Vajra naadi (वज्र नाड़ी) - second layer of sushumna / the nadi governing the male sexual organ and process

Vajroli mudra (वज्रोली मुद्रा) - thunderbolt attitude in which the muscles of the male sexual organ and the lower urinary tract are contracted in order to redirect the sexual energy upwards / a practice of tantra and hatha yoga

Vaak (वाक्) - power of speech

Vallabha (वल्लभ) - a 16th century acharya from South India who believed in pure monism

Vaama (वाम) - left / contrary / opposite

Vaamaachaara (वामाचार) - one who follows the practice and doctrines of the vama marga tantra, including sexual interaction where wife is considered the guru

Vaamadeva (वामदेव) - a sage

Vaama maarga (वाम मार्ग) - commonly known as the left hand path of tantra, as opposed to dakshina maarga, the path of spiritual unfoldment which includes the pancha makar sadhana

Vaama nauli (वाम नौलि) - left side abdominal massage in which rectus abdomini muscles are contractedand isolated of the left side of the abdomen

Vaama swara (वाम स्वर) - flow of breath in left nostril

Vaaman Dhauti (वामन धौति) - shatkarma of cleansing the stomach through voluntary vomiting, of two types - Kunjal (regurgitating of water) and vyagraha (regurgitation of food)

Vaanaprastha (वानप्रस्थ) - the third stage of life during which one begins to learn non attachment while being in the family

Vaarthaah (वार्थाः) - faculty of smell

Vaasanaa (वासना) - desires / impressions

Varanam (वरणम) - veil / obstacles

Varna (वर्ण) - a color / a cover / an adobe / a kind / a quality / four orders of life according to different stages of evolution in men

Varna dharma (वर्ण धर्म) - duties of communities

Varisara dhauti (वरिसर धौति) - name for Shankhaprakshalana, shatkarma for cleansing of entire digestive tract

Vashikaara (वशीकार) - freeing oneself from craving / bringing into subjugation

Vashikaara prajnaa (वशीकार प्रज्ञा) - knowing the ways to subjugate desires

Vasishta (वसिष्ट) - a brahmarshi or sage

Vashitva (वशित्व) - the power to subjugate anyone or anything / one of the supernatural powers

Vastra dhauti (वस्त्र धौति) - shatkarma in which a special prepared cloth is swallowed to clean excess mucus from the stomach

Vastu (वस्तु) - thing / substance / object

Vastushunya (वस्तुशून्यः) - devoid of substance / devoid of things

Vashyataa (वश्यता) - air / one of the five elements of nature

Vaata (वात) - one of the three doshas, wind

Vatsara dhauti (वत्सर धौति) - similar to plavini pranayama, but the swallowed air is belched out instead of retaining

Vaayu (वायु) - air / wind

Vaayu tattva (वायु तत्त्व) - one of the pancha mahabhuta

Veda (वेद) - sacred scriptures of Hindu religion

Vedanta (वेदना) - faculty of touch

Vedaniyah (वेदनीयः) - to be known / to be experienced

Vedaanta (वेदान्त) - the final part or the end of Vedas / considered as Uttara(later) Mimaamsaa

Veera (वीर) - hero

Veerasana (वीरासन) - the hero’s pose

Vibhaktah (विभक्तः) - separate / different / partition

Vibhuti (विभूति) - powers / properties of yoga

Vibhuti Paada (विभूति पाद) - third part of the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali which deals with properties of yoga

Vichaara (विचार) - reason / synthesis / discrimination

Vichaaranaa (विचारणा) - right reflection

Vichaara asamprajnaata samaadhi (विचार असम्प्रज्ञात समाधी ) - vichaara samadhi in which there is unconscious supraconscious, the negative phase of vichaara samprajnaata samadhi

Vichaara samprajnaata samaadhi (विचार सम्प्रज्ञात समाधी ) - second stage of samadhi or superconsciousness in which there is no confusion of the witness, witnessed or the process of witnessing, there is thought existing but not in form of language

Vichaara prajnaa (विचार प्रज्ञा) - differentiating knowledge of refinement

Vicchedah (विच्छेदः) - cessation / stoppage / interruption

Vicchinna (विच्छिन्न) - interrupted

Videha (विदेह) - existing without body / incorporeal

Vidhaaranaabhyaam (विधारणाभ्यां) - maintaining / holding / restraining

Vidura (विदुर) - son of Vyaasa and adviser to Dhritarashtra in Mahabharat

Vidushah (विदुषः) - a wise man / a scholar

Vidyaa (विद्या) - discriminative knowledge

Vigraha (विग्रह) - idol ( mula vigraha मूल विग्रह - base idol, utsava vigraha उत्सव विग्रह - replica of base idol)

Vijnaana (विज्ञान) - discerning knowledge

Vijnaana bhikshu (विज्ञान भिक्षु) - the great scholar, author of yoga vaartika, commentary on yoga sutras

Vijnaana jnaana (विज्ञान ज्ञान) - stability in intelligence

Vijnaanamaya kosha (विज्ञानमय कोष) - the intellectual or discriminative body

Vikalpa (विकल्प) - imagination / fancy

Vikaranaabhaavah (विकरणाभावः) - knowledge gained without the help of the senses / freedom from the sense of perception

Vikshepa (विक्षेप) - distraction

Vikshipta (विक्षिप्त) - agitated / scattered

Viniyogah (विनियोगः) - application

Vipaaka (विपाक) - ripe / mature / result / fruition

Viparyaya (विपर्यय) - perverse / contrary / unreal / cognition

Viprakrshta (विप्रकृष्ट) - distant

Viraama (विराम) - cessation / rest / repose / pause

Virodhaat (विरोधात) - obstruction / on account of / opposite

Virya (वीर्य) - vigour / energy / courage / potency / valour

Vishaya (विषय) - an object of sense / object / matter / region / sphere / reference / aim / realm

Vishayavati (विषयावती) - attached to object / related to

Vishesha (विशेष) - peculiar / specially itself / particular / distinction

Vishesha darshinah (विशेष दार्शिनः) - distinction of seer

Vishesha vidhi (विशेष विधि) - special injunctions

Vishnu (विष्णु) - second deity of the Hindu triad / sustainer or protector of the universe

Vishnu granthi (विष्णु ग्रंथि) - psychic knot in anahata chakra, 

Vishoka (विशोक) - sorrowless effulgent light

Vishuddhi chakra (विशुद्धि चक्र) - energy centre situated behind the throat region

Vitala (वितल) - one of the nether worlds

Vitaraaga (वीतराग) - free from desires

Vitarka (वितर्क) - analytical thinking / being engrossed in analytical study

Vitarka asamprajnaata samaadhi (वितर्क असम्प्रज्ञात समाधी) - negative phase of vitarka samadhi, unconscious supraconsciousness in which there is no language

Vitarka samprajnaata samaadhi (वितर्क सम्प्रज्ञात समाधी ) - first stage of samadhi according to sage Patanjali, in which there is states of witness, witnessed and witnessing remains confused thought exists in form of language

Vitarka baadhana (वितर्क बाधन) - dubious knowledge / obstruction to analytical thinking

Vitarka prajnaa (वितर्क प्रज्ञा) - intellectual analysis

Vitrshna (वितृष्ण) - freedom from desires / contentment

Viveka (विवेक) - discrimination / discriminative understanding

Vivekaja jnaanam (विवेकज ज्ञानं) - exalted knowledge / exalted intelligence / sacred spiritual knowledge

Viveka khyaati (विवेक ख्याति) - discriminative intelligence / crown of wisdom

Vivekanimnam (विवेकनिम्नं) - flow of exalted intelligence in consciousness

Viveki (विवेकी) - one who distinguishes and separates the indivisible soul from visible world

Vivekinah (विवेकिनः) - the enlightened / man of discrimination

Vrata (व्रत) - spiritual vow or practice / fasting

Vrtti (वृत्ति) - waves / movements / changes / functions / operations / conditions of actions / conduct of consciousness

Vyaadhi (व्याधि) - disease / physical disease

Vyaakhyaataa (व्याख्याता) - related / narrated / explained / expounded / commented upon / described

Vyakta (व्यक्त) - manifest

Vyaana (व्यान) - one of the vital vayus that pervades the entire body 

Vyaasa (व्यास) - a sage / author of Vyaasa Bhaasya, the oldest commentary on Yoga Sutras

Vyatireka (व्यतिरेक) - keeping away from desires

Vyavahita (व्यवहित) - concealed

Vyavahitaanaam (व्यवहितानाम) - separated

Vyavasaayaatmik buddhi (व्यवसायात्मिक बुद्धि) -  experienced subjective knowledge

Vyuha (व्यूह) - galaxy / orderly arrangement of a system / disposition

Vyutkarma kapaalbhaati (व्युत्कर्म कपालभाति) - the practice of sucking water through nose and throwing out through mouth

Vyutthaana (व्युत्थान) - emergence of thoughts / rising thoughts / outgoing mind